T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma – What is it?

T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma – What is it?

T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Explanation

T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Treatment Side Effects
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T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer that starts in lymphoid tissue. To understand this disease, it is important to know something about cancer and the lymphoid system. Every part of your body is made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Every day, some of these cells are dividing, or splitting in half, to make new cells. Cancer begins when one of your cells starts dividing out of control. Eventually, these cancer cells can form lumps, called tumors, and can spread throughout the body. T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma arises from lymphoid tissue. Lymphoid tissue is the main part of your immune system, and this tissue is found all over the body – in the lymph nodes, tonsils, adenoids, spleen, thymus gland and inside the bone marrow.

T Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma – Causes & Symptoms

It can start in any part of the body that has lymphoid tissue. Something goes wrong inside a normal lymphoid cell, and that cells starts dividing out of control, forming cancerous cells called lymphoblasts. Clumps of these lymphoblasts form tumors. The symptoms of lymphoblastic lymphoma depend on the location of the tumor(s). Sometimes the first sign of the illness is a lump or swelling, which might be found in the neck, groin, or under the arm. Other times lymphoma cells cause lymph nodes inside the chest to swell – this can make it difficult to breathe or cause chest pain. Occasionally, lymphoma cells cause lymph nodes in the abdomen to swell causing pain. In other cases the lymphoma cells are in the bone marrow and can cause pain in the bones.

Lymphoma cells can hide in the spinal fluid (the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord). The cells can be found by looking at the spinal fluid through a microscope when a spinal tap is complete. In boys, lymphoma cells can also hide in the testicles. This can cause the testicles to become swollen, hard or lumpy.

Last updated: June 10th, 2017